So far, at least 34 refugees were among the more than 200 people reportedly killed in the blast, though the fear is that the number could rise further. Another 124 refugees were injured, 20 of them seriously, while seven are still missing.
Explosion affected everyone
“We continue to work with the rescue teams and other humanitarian partners to identify the victims and are extending support to the families who have lost their loved ones. This includes counseling, emergency cash and help with burial arrangements”, said Babar Baloch, UNHCR Spokesperson in Geneva.
Lebanon hosts roughly 200,000 refugees, mainly Syrians and Palestinians.
Mr. Baloch told journalists that the catastrophe has affected everyone, regardless of their nationality or status.
Thousands now homeless
It is estimated that more than 5,000 people sustained injuries in the blast, while hundreds of thousands more have lost their homes.
The UN humanitarian affairs office, OCHA, reported that a rapid assessment of 55 primary healthcare centres found that nearly 40 per cent sustained moderate-to-serious damage, while less than half can still provide full routine health services.
“Thousands of affected people now, many of them are homeless, require food assistance after the explosion”, said Jens Laerke, OCHA Deputy Spokesperson.
“And there is concern that the damage to the Beirut Port will exacerbate food insecurity, which was already growing due to the socio-economic crisis in Lebanon and compounded by COVID-19.”
Support for mothers-to-be
An initial door-to-door assessment is currently underway in the most heavily affected neighbourhoods, and aid distributions have commenced as of Sunday.
Humanitarian partners also are working to identify households that require emergency weatherproofing against the elements, and to restore a level of safety, privacy and dignity.
Additional maternal health support will be necessary to ensure the safe delivery of some 400 babies who are due to be born in the coming month, OCHA’s latest update on the crisis has revealed.
Children in the crisis
Although figures on child casualties are still being determined, at least three children were killed in the explosion and 31 required hospitalization, according to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
Aid partners reported that some 1,000 children were among the wounded.
UNICEF is providing precautionary tetanus vaccination shots for the injured, and delivering water to port workers, first responders and victims, among other support.
Supplies of personal protective equipment (PPE), including millions of masks and gloves, are also on the way to Lebanon, with the first flight expected to arrive on Wednesday.
The UN agency has also mobilized more than 300 young volunteers who are helping to clean, cook, distribute food and water, and perform minor repairs on homes and shops. Some 4,000 households have been reached so far.
Ensuring ‘learning never stops’
The devastation from the explosion also threatens to disrupt the start of the academic year, the UN educational and cultural organization, UNESCO, has warned. Around 70 public schools and 50 private schools in and around Beirut were either partially or totally damaged, impacting some 55,000 students.
UNESCO will rehabilitate damaged schools and coordinate rehabilitation efforts among partners. As some schools may opt for distance learning due to the crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic, the UN agency also will provide technical and financial support to the Ministry of Education to develop remote learning solutions.
“We stand ready to harness all our capacities to ensure that learning never stops and to guarantee all students’ right to education”, said Dr. Hamed Al Hamami, Director of the UNESCO Regional Bureau for Education in the Arab States.